Epilepsy is a condition that results in unprovoked, regular strokes. A stroke or seizure is an unexpected surge of unusual electrical activity in the brain. Physicians diagnose epilepsy when a person has experienced more than two seizure episodes with no specific, identifiable reason. There are generally two types of epileptic seizures-
- Generalized seizure – this type of seizure affects the whole brain
- Focal seizure – this type of seizure only affects a part of the brain
Though anyone can develop epilepsy, it is more common in young children or older people. Also, men are more affected by epilepsy than women because of more consumption of alcohol and stress.
Symptoms of epilepsy
The main symptom from which you can be sure that someone has epilepsy is seizures. Each type of seizure has different symptoms, and it can be experienced differently from person to person.
Symptoms of focal seizures
When someone gets a focal seizure, they do not get unconscious. Symptoms of these seizures are:
- A problem in sensing taste, smelling things, a problem in sight and hearing
- Feeling of dizziness
- Limbs tingling
- Unresponsiveness of the affective individual
- Performing an action repetitively
- Staring at blank space for an extended time
Symptoms of generalized seizures
When a person suffers from a generalized seizure, their whole brain is affected. There are different subtypes of this type of seizure: absence, tonic, atonic, clonic, myoclonic, and tonic-clonic seizures.
Different symptoms related to this type of seizure are
- Loss of consciousness
- Tongue biting
- Loss of bladder control and bowel movement
- Shaking of the body
- Body stiffening
Treatment of epilepsy
Treatment is done to decrease the number of seizure episodes or completely stop them. There are usually four main types of treatment used by the best neurologist doctors in Mumbai or Delhi.
It is one of the most commonly used treatment options. This drug helps control seizures by altering the level of chemicals present in the patient’s brain. It is crucial to know that this drug does not cure the problem but can help stop the seizures. There are many AEDs, like sodium valproate, carbamazepine, lamotrigine, levetiracetam, topiramate etc
This option is taken into consideration by neurologists. When antiepileptic drugs do not help stop the seizures or through a test, it is confirmed that the reason for the episode is present in a small part of the head.
Vagus nerve stimulation
In this treatment option, a small electrical device is placed by experienced doctors under the skin of the chest area. This device helps control seizures by altering the electric signals coming from the brain.
This diet is very high in fat levels and is comparatively low in the number of carbohydrates and proteins. This diet is known to have seizures by altering the chemical level present in the brain.
If you are considering getting treatment for epilepsy, consult the best neurologist doctors in Mumbai or your city for an accurate diagnosis.
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